American Statistical Association
New York City
Metropolitan Area Chapter

Mailman School of Public Health
Columbia University
Department of Biostatistics Colloquium



SEMIPARAMETRIC DETECTION
OF SIGNIFICANT ACTIVATION FOR BRAIN fMRI

by

Prof. Zhang Chunming
Department of Statistics
University of Wisconsin, Madison


Abstract

Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) aims to locate activated regions in human brains when specific tasks are performed. The conventional tool for analyzing fMRI data applies some variant of the linear model, which is restrictive in modeling assumptions. To yield more accurate prediction of the time-course behavior of neuronal responses, the semi-parametric inference for the underlying hemodynamic response function is developed to identification of significantly activated voxels. Under mild regularity conditions, we demonstrate that a class of the proposed semi-parametric test statistics, based on the local-linear estimation technique, follow $\chi^2$ distributions under null hypotheses for a number of useful hypotheses. The asymptotic power functions of the constructed tests are derived under the fixed and contiguous alternatives. Furthermore, a new false discovery rate approach which incorporates spatial information of voxel-wise p-values is devised for detecting the regions of activation. Simulation evaluations and real fMRI data application endorse that the semiparametric inference procedure delivers more efficient detection of activated brain areas than popular imaging analysis tools AFNI and FSL.


Date: Thursday, March 13, 2008
Time: 4:00 - 5:00 P.M.
Location: Mailman School of Public Health
Department of Biostatistics
722 West 168th Street
Judith Jansen Conference Room
4th Floor - Room 425
New York, New York

RESERVATIONS ARE NOT REQUIRED

Refreshments will be served at 3:30 P.M. in the
Biostatistics Conference Room (R627).


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