American Statistical Association
New York City
Metropolitan Area Chapter

Mailman School of Public Health
Columbia University
Department of Biostatistics Colloquium



ANALYSIS OF MARKED POINT PATTERNS
WITH SPATIAL AND NONSPATIAL COVARIATE INFORMATION

by

Prof. Bradley P. Carlin
Department of Biostatistics
University of Minnesota


Abstract

Hierarchical modeling of spatial point process data has historically been plagued by computational difficulties. Likelihoods feature intractable integrals that are themselves nested within a Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm. We extend customary spatial point pattern analysis in the context of a log-Gaussian Cox process model to accommodate spatially referenced covariates, individual-level risk factors, and individual-level covariates of interest that mark the process. We also use multivariate process realizations to capture dependence among the intensity surfaces across the marks. We illustrate using a collection of breast cancer case locations collected over the mostly rural northern part of the state of Minnesota that are marked by their treatment selection, mastectomy or breast conserving surgery (“lumpectomy”). The key substantive covariate (driving distance to the nearest radiation treatment facility) is spatially referenced, but other important covariates (notably age and stage) are not. Our approach facilitates mapping of marginal log-relative intensity surfaces for the two treatment options, and resolves the issue of whether women who face long driving distances are significantly more likely to opt for mastectomy while still accounting for all sources of spatial and nonspatial variability in the data. We also briefly discuss methods for statistical boundary analysis (“wombling”) in such settings.


Date: Thursday, April 17, 2008
Time: 4:00 - 5:00 P.M.
Location: Mailman School of Public Health
Department of Biostatistics
722 West 168th Street
Judith Jansen Conference Room
4th Floor - Room 425
New York, New York

RESERVATIONS ARE NOT REQUIRED

Refreshments will be served at 3:30 P.M. in the
Biostatistics Conference Room (R627).


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