American Statistical Association
New York City
Metropolitan Area Chapter

Mailman School of Public Health
Columbia University
Department of Biostatistics Colloquium



RESPONSE-ADAPTIVE RANDOMIZATION IN CLINICAL TRIALS

by

Feifang Hu
Department of Statistics, University of Virginia
Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Department of Health Evaluation Science,
University of Virginia School of Medicine


Abstract

While clinical trials may provide information on new treatments that can impact countless lives in the future, the act of randomization means that volunteers in the clinical trial will receive the benefit of the new treatment only by chance. In most clinical trials, an attempt is made to balance the treatment assignments equally, thus the probability that a volunteer will receive the potentially better treatment is only 50%. Response-adaptive randomization uses accruing data to skew the allocation probabilities to favor the treatment performing better thus far in the trial, thereby mitigating the problem to some degree.

In this talk, I give a brief review of adaptive randomization. Then I propose some new response-adaptive randomization procedures that have some desirable properties. The resulting randomization procedures provide efficient methods to determine whether a new treatment is effective in a clinical trial, while simultaneously minimizing a clinical trial volunteer's chance of being assigned to the inferior treatment. Some recent developments and further research topics are also discussed.


Date: Thursday, November 15, 2007
Time: 4:00 - 5:00 P.M.
Location: Mailman School of Public Health
Department of Biostatistics
722 West 168th Street
Judith Jansen Conference Room
4th Floor - Room 425
New York, New York

RESERVATIONS ARE NOT REQUIRED

Refreshments will be served at 3:30 P.M. in the
Biostatistics Conference Room (R627).


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